THE CONTEGO GUIDE TO PROTECTIVE EYEWEAR
Eyes are vulnerable to a range of risks in the workplace. They must be protected against mechanical, chemical, radiation and risks relating to laser light.
The failure to provide safety glasses or the appropriate type of vision protection can lead to a range of injuries, from minor ailments to partial and full blindness, and have severe legal and reputational consequences for employers. Therefore, it is essential that your employees are provided with the right safety eyewear.
There is a wide range of safety eyewear available for a variety of applications. The use of these safety glasses and safety goggles is governed by a number of industry safety standards. This guide provides an explanation of these standards and the performance you can expect from the safety eyewear tested to these standards. It also explains the codes used to convey this information.
Overall, this guide is designed to allow you to make an informed decision about the protective eyewear you need to provide for your employees for the tasks that they undertake.
THE ROLE OF RISK ASSESSMENTS IN SELECTING THE RIGHT SAFETY EYEWEAR
When you are purchasing safety glasses and safety goggles for your workforce, it is recommended that you refer to a recent risk assessment of the workplace environments in which your employees are working. If a risk assessment does not exist, one should be carried out.
Taking this step provides a clear understanding of the hazards that the safety eyewear that you choose should protect against. This is particularly important for safety eyewear because workplace risks are not always immediately visible.
Carrying out a risk assessment will allow you to select the appropriate protective eyewear and will ensure that you comply with all the relevant health and safety rules and other industry regulations.
Workplace hazards relating to safety eyewear include:
- Mechanical: Flying debris, dust or molten metal
- Chemical: Fumes, gases or liquid splash
- Radiation: Heat (infrared), ultraviolet light or glare
- Laser light: Over a wide spectrum of wavelengths, from ultraviolet to infrared
AN OVERVIEW OF SAFETY GLASSES AND OTHER PROTECTIVE EYEWEAR
There are four categories of workplace protective eyewear:
- Safety glasses: This protective eyewear should be comfortable to wear and come in a range of styles, including models available with prescription lenses
- Safety goggles: Protective goggles provide protection against all types of hazards. Some designs can be worn over regular spectacles.
- Safety face shields/visors: This visor protection protects the face and eyes, but it does not keep out dust or gas. It should be comfortable to wear for prolonged periods
- Safety sunglasses: With extra-thick frames, this protective eyewear protects the eyes from ultraviolet rays and the glare of the sun, as well as from flying debris
KEY INDUSTRY STANDARDS RELATING TO SAFETY EYEWEAR
The main industry standard relating to the use of protective eyewear in the workplace is EN 166:2002. All safety glasses and goggles and vision protection must be certified to this standard to be categorised as such.
Supplementary to EN 166:2002 are EN 167:2002 and EN 168:2002, which detail the principal criteria against which EN 166 protective eyewear must be tested. EN 167:2002 concerns optical testing and EN 168:2002 details non-optical testing requirements.
There are also a number of secondary industry standards relating to types of protective eyewear and to types of workplace use. These are:
THE BASIC SAFETY EYEWEAR STANDARD: EN 166:2002
EN 166:2002 is the basic standard for safety eyewear. All protective eyewear that protects against hazards must conform to this standard.
EN 166:2002 includes a range of protective classifications. These relate to:
- Fields of use
- Optical class
- Mechanical strength
- Optional requirements
The information relating to these classifications is presented in a series of unique codes. Safety eyewear can carry more than one code. These codes are displayed on the lens and on the frame of the protective eyewear.
EN 167:2002 (OPTICAL TESTING FOR WORKPLACE PROTECTIVE EYEWEAR)
Protective eyewear certified according to EN 167:2002 is tested for field of vision, transmission and diffusion, and refractive properties.
The main purpose of this optical testing is to make sure that the wearer’s vision is not impeded or distorted by the protective eyewear and that the eyewear permits the entry of a sufficient amount of light.
In addition, exposure to ultraviolet light is tested, with results having to be within specific parameters. Testing of the material quality and surface of the protective eyewear is also carried out as part of EN 167:2002.
EN 168:2002 (NON-OPTICAL TESTING FOR WORKPLACE PROTECTIVE EYEWEAR)
Protective eyewear tested according to EN 168:2002 is tested for robustness and resistance to heat, ignition and corrosion. The eyewear undergoes specific testing in each of these three areas.
ADDITIONAL NOTES ON EN 169-, EN 170- AND EN 172-CERTIFIED SAFETY EYEWEAR
EN 169:2002 – protective eyewear filters for welding and related techniques
EN 169:2002-certified safety glasses are designed to protect wearers during:
- Light flame cutting
- Hard soldering
- Arc gouging
- Plasma cutting
EN 170:2002 – protective eyewear ultraviolet filters
EN 170:2002-certified safety glasses are not suitable for looking at electrical arcs, directly or indirectly.
EN 172:1995 – protective eyewear infrared filters
Depending on the type of workplace use, EN 172:1995-certified safety eyewear can be used either as filters in safety glasses or as individual filters.
SAFETY EYEWEAR CLASSIFICATIONS AND CODES
The following is a description of EN 166:2002-certified protective eyewear classifications and their codes. The codes are displayed both on the lens and the frame, and the information presented in these areas can differ.
Examples of how and where protective eyewear codes are presented on a lens and a frame are included below.
Classifications and codes relating to fields of use
Classification and codes relating to mechanical strength
Classification and codes relating to optical class
Classification and codes relating to optional requirements
Example of EN 166:2002 codes on a lens
Example of EN 166:2002 codes on a frame
CHOOSING THE RIGHT PROTECTIVE EYEWEAR LENS MATERIAL
When choosing protective eyewear for your employees, lens material can be an important consideration and it is critical that the safety glasses or safety goggles have the right type of lens material. There are three main lens materials to consider:
- CR39 plastic. This material is extremely lightweight and has increased strength resistance, good chemical resistance and resistance to hot metal particulates
- Polycarbonate. This material is thinner than most other lens types and is extremely lightweight. It has low-energy impact resistance (F) and a hard coating that provides superior scratch resistance and absorbs ultraviolet light
- Toughened glass. This material is heavier than most other lens types, has increased strength impact resistance (S) and offers slightly greater resistance to abrasion
CHOOSING THE RIGHT PROTECTIVE EYEWEAR LENS SHADE
When choosing protective eyewear for your employees, lens shade can be an important consideration and it is critical that the safety glasses and safety goggles have the right type of lens shade.
Protective eyewear lens shade is categorised as follows:
HOW TO CHOOSE THE APPROPRIATE SAFETY EYEWEAR FOR YOUR EMPLOYEES
The information contained in this safety eyewear guide is designed to help you choose the right safety glasses and goggles when placing an order for your workforce.
Different tasks require different safety glasses and goggles and it is important that your employees are provided with the appropriate personal protective equipment. You should always base your choice of protective eyewear on the most severe hazard that your employees will face.
By using this information and taking these steps, you will ensure that your company is fully compliant with all the relevant industry standards and that your employees can do their jobs safely, efficiently and to the highest standard.
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